This was a large mound built by nasute termites. Based on other nests found in nearby locations, we believe that it was built by Nasutitermes magnus.
The mound material appeared as a mixture of sand and clay, easy to cut but producing a lot of dust. The external crust of the mound was thin, and full of small bumps that somehow reveal the spatial scale of the galleries underneath.
Just below the nest crust, the galleries are completely filled with dry branchlets of Casuarina (the Australian “pine”), which could play a role as insulating material or as stored food for the colony.
After cutting the nest with a saw, we can observe the internal structure. We can see a series of saddle-shaped surfaces, typical of Nasutitermes, but also a clear organisation in concentric layers, which are probably the footprint of multiple expansion events (suggesting that expansion events probably increase the size of the mound by only one or a few layers each time).